Convert Data Table to HTML Table with PowerShell and more

##function to convert any datatable to html table

function Convert-DatatablHtml ( $dt)


$html = "<!DOCTYPE html>
table, th, td {
    border: 1px solid black;
    border-collapse: collapse;
<table border=""1"" 

$hmtl +="<tr>"
for($i = 0;$i -lt $dt.Columns.Count;$i++)
$html += "<td>"+$dt.Columns[$i].ColumnName+"</td>"  
$html +="</tr>"

for($i=0;$i -lt $dt.Rows.Count; $i++)
$hmtl +="<tr>"
 for($j=0; $j -lt $dt.Columns.Count; $j++)
  $html += "<td>"+$dt.Rows[$i][$j].ToString()+"</td>"
 $html +="</tr>"

$html += "</table>

return $html


##How it works 

##creating a sample databtale to test
$dt = New-Object "System.Data.DataTable"


$dtnew = $dt.NewRow();
$ =1;
$dtnew = $dt.NewRow();
$ =1;

##Converting data table to html

$h = Convert-DatatablHtml -dt $dt 


##writing html table to a html file 

$h |out-file "c:\temp\test.html"

##Send an email with with formated html 

Send-MailMessage  -to "" -SmtpServer "smtpserver" -body $h -Subject test -From "" -BodyAsHtml 

Remove old backup files with PowerShell

Note: script looks at when file was last modified and also removes if any file exists in sub folders recursively.

$extension ="*.bak"

Get-ChildItem -Path $path -Filter $extension  -Recurse  | 
Where-Object{ $_.lastwritetime -lt (get-date).adddays(-$NumDaysToRetain)}  | 
ForEach-Object { Remove-item $_.FullName; write-host "File" $_.FullName "deleted"}

Powershell To Deploy Sql scripts in a Directory

Source Code

  [Parameter(Mandatory=$True,ValueFromPipeline=$true,HelpMessage="Enter Source Instance")]
  [ValidateScript({ IF( $_ -eq $null) 
		{$false }  
	    elseif ($_.ToString().Trim().Length -eq  0 )
	    else {$true}} )]
  [Parameter(Mandatory=$True,ValueFromPipeline=$true,HelpMessage="Enter Source Source")]
  [ValidateScript({ IF( $_ -eq $null) 
		{$false }  
	    elseif ($_.ToString().Trim().Length -eq  0 )
	    else {$true}} )]


## Add Assemblies
add-type -AssemblyName "Microsoft.SqlServer.Smo, Version=, Culture=neutral, 
PublicKeyToken=89845dcd8080cc91" -ErrorAction Stop
Write-host $TargetInst $Targetdb $targetdir
$sourcedbs = New-Object ('Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Server') $TargetInst 
$sourcedbs.ConnectionContext.StatementTimeout = 0
$db = $sourcedbs.Databases[$TargetDB]
$files = Get-ChildItem -Path "$Targetdir"  -Recurse  | Where-Object{$_.Name -Like "*.sql"} | select FullName
Foreach($file in $files) 
$query= Get-Content $file.FullName | Out-String ; 
		Write-Host $file.FullName "Query Finished"     
      catch [Exception]

		Write-Host $_.Exception.GetType().FullName, $_.Exception.Message


How to use it

.\ExecuteSqlscripts.ps1 ServerName DatabaseName Directory

Note: it does a recursive check if there any folders it gets them all as well.


SQL Log : A significant part of sql server process memory has been paged out

If you seeing this message “A significant part of sql server process memory has been paged out. This may result in a performance degradation. Duration: 1851 seconds. Working set (KB): #####, committed (KB): #####, memory utilization: ##%. ” 

What does it mean: System is running low on memory basically windows is moving the allocated objects from memory into a paged file to deal with memory pressure.

Is SQL Server taking way too much memory? : May be not this is known behavior of windows to trim down the memory used by the current process so it can allot memory to new requests.

SQL Server has mechanism in place to use low resource memory notification it uses a function called CreateMemoryResourceNotification  to create a system wide memory notification if windows detects low memory it sends out a notification with a signal 0 (available physical memory is running low ) or 1 (available physical memory is high) based on the result SQL Server reacts accordingly by performing the necessary action increasing the buffer pool or decreasing it. Note: if neither of these are signaled SQL Server maintains a constant memory foot print.


If SQL Sever has a mechanism to deal with low memory why is windows moving the allocated in memory objects to page file?

Can be many reasons for it

  1. Windows might not be sending the notifications in appropriate instances or SQL Sever might not be receiving those events.
  2. SQL Server might not be responding in timely manner may be too slow

When SQL Server receives low physical memory notification it will scale down its memory usage by trimming internal caches. This effect is applied for 5 seconds and then paused for 1 minute. This is to avoid any hungry/faulty application to consume all the memory making SQL Server to  scale its usage continuously. If low memory conditions still exist after 1 minute pause, the effect is applied again. So if there is physical memory pressure even after SQL Server scaling its usage for 5 seconds windows will still page out SQL Server’s working set.

We can query these memory notifications in ring buffer



CONVERT (varchar(30), GETDATE(), 121) as runtime,
DATEADD (ms, a.[Record Time] – sys.ms_ticks, GETDATE()) AS Notification_time,
a.* ,
sys.ms_ticks AS [Current Time]
(SELECT x.value(‘(//Record/ResourceMonitor/Notification)[1]’‘varchar(30)’AS [Notification_type],
x.value(‘(//Record/MemoryRecord/MemoryUtilization)[1]’‘int’AS [MemoryUtilization %],
x.value(‘(//Record/MemoryRecord/TotalPhysicalMemory)[1]’‘bigint’AS [TotalPhysicalMemory_KB],
x.value(‘(//Record/MemoryRecord/AvailablePhysicalMemory)[1]’‘bigint’AS [AvailablePhysicalMemory_KB],
x.value(‘(//Record/MemoryRecord/TotalPageFile)[1]’‘bigint’AS [TotalPageFile_KB],
x.value(‘(//Record/MemoryRecord/AvailablePageFile)[1]’‘bigint’AS [AvailablePageFile_KB],
x.value(‘(//Record/MemoryRecord/TotalVirtualAddressSpace)[1]’‘bigint’AS [TotalVirtualAddressSpace_KB],
x.value(‘(//Record/MemoryRecord/AvailableVirtualAddressSpace)[1]’‘bigint’AS [AvailableVirtualAddressSpace_KB],
x.value(‘(//Record/MemoryNode/@id)[1]’‘int’AS [Node Id],
x.value(‘(//Record/MemoryNode/ReservedMemory)[1]’‘bigint’AS [SQL_ReservedMemory_KB],
x.value(‘(//Record/MemoryNode/CommittedMemory)[1]’‘bigint’AS [SQL_CommittedMemory_KB],
x.value(‘(//Record/@id)[1]’‘bigint’AS [Record Id],
x.value(‘(//Record/@type)[1]’‘varchar(30)’AS [Type],
x.value(‘(//Record/ResourceMonitor/Indicators)[1]’‘int’AS [Indicators],
x.value(‘(//Record/@time)[1]’‘bigint’AS [Record Time]
FROM (SELECT CAST (record as xml) FROM sys.dm_os_ring_buffers
CROSS JOIN sys.dm_os_sys_info sys
ORDER BY DATEADD (ms, a.[Record Time] – sys.ms_ticks, GETDATE())


We can also increase the LowMemoryThreshold value so the OS will notify applications such as SQL on low memory conditions much earlier and SQL Server can respond to memory pressure much early before the system is starving for memory.


How to set the LowMemoryThreshold value (in MB)?


In Regedit -> go to


Right click on the right pane,

Select New -> select click DWORD Value -> enter LowMemoryThreshold

Double Click LowMemoryThreshold -> value (choose decimal) -> 512

System Reboot is required to take effect.

Standard SQL Server Error log procedure

we spend lot of time trying to look at log files when we run any particular SQl files have a standard frame work to collect these errors and store in table, amkes the application management simple at same time provides some insights into exceptions over the time

IF EXISTS (SELECT 1 FROM sys.tables WHERE name = 'wm_ErrorLog')
DROP TABLE [wm_ErrorLog]
IF EXISTS (SELECT * FROM sys.objects WHERE name = 'WMSp_ErrorLog_Ins_Error' AND type ='P')
DROP PROCEDURE [WMSp_ErrorLog_Ins_Error]
CREATE TABLE [wm_ErrorLog] (
    [Error_id] INT IDENTITY(1,1)
	,[Error_Number] [INT] NOT NULL
	,[Error_procedure] VARCHAR(max) NOT NULL
	,[Error_Message] [VARCHAR](MAX) NULL
	,[Error_Line] INT
	,[Error_State] INT 
	,[Error_Severity] INT 
	,[Program_Name] [VARCHAR](255) NULL
	,[Client_Address] [VARCHAR](255) NULL
	,[Authentication] [VARCHAR](50) NULL
	,[Error_User_Application] [VARCHAR](100) NULL
	,[Error_Date] [DATETIME] NULL
	,[Error_User_System] [sysname] NOT NULL


ALTER TABLE wm_ErrorLog ADD CONSTRAINT [dfltErrorLog_error_date] DEFAULT(GETDATE())
FOR [Error_Date]

ALTER TABLE wm_ErrorLog ADD CONSTRAINT [dfltErrorLog_error_user_system] DEFAULT(SUSER_SNAME())
FOR [Error_User_System]

ALTER TABLE [wm_ErrorLog] ADD CONSTRAINT wmpk_wm_errorlog_id PRIMARY KEY (error_id)


Create  PROCEDURE [WMSp_ErrorLog_Ins_Error] (
	 @Error_Number INT = NULL
	,@Error_procedure SYSNAME = 'Ad hoc sql'
	,@Error_Message VARCHAR(4000) = NULL
	,@UserID INT = NULL
		INSERT INTO wm_ErrorLog (
		SELECT [Error_Number] = ISNULL(@Error_Number, ERROR_NUMBER())
			,[Error_procedure] = COALESCE(ERROR_PROCEDURE(),@Error_procedure)
			,[Error_Message] = ISNULL(@Error_Message, ERROR_MESSAGE())
			,[Error_line] = ERROR_LINE()
			,[Error_state] =ERROR_STATE()
			,[Error_severity] = ERROR_SEVERITY()
			,[SPID] = @@SPID
			,[Program_Name] = ses.program_name
			,[Client_Address] = con.client_net_address
			,[Authentication] = con.auth_scheme
			,[Error_User_System] = SUSER_SNAME()
			,[Error_User_Application] = @UserID
		FROM sys.dm_exec_sessions ses 
		LEFT JOIN sys.dm_exec_connections con ON con.session_id = ses.session_id
		WHERE ses.session_id= @@SPID

		-- We even failed at the log entry so let's get basic  
		INSERT INTO wm_ErrorLog (
			- 100

Above scripts creates two objects a table and procedure

Here is how we should plan to use

EXECUTE [WMSp_ErrorLog_Ins_Error]

SELECT * FROM wm_errorlog

Sql error log

How to Fix :: OLE DB provider “SQLNCLI10” for linked server returned message “Query timeout expired”.

by default a remote query (Query using Linked Server) expires in 10 mins. We can find this value in SQL Server using below queries


sys config remote procedure


SELECT * FROM sys.sysconfigures
WHERE comment ='remote query timeout'


SELECT * FROM sys.configurations
WHERE name='remote query timeout (s)'

We can find more details in MS doc

in order to change it we have to sp_configure and we don’t need to restart the database engine


sp_configure 'remote query timeout',3600
reconfigure with override 

This will set the time out to 3600 seconds/ 1 hr